The investigation at hand revolves around the relationship between art and psychoanalysis. It investigates the work of Shakespeare in relation to Freudian and Lacanian concepts, in that we consider of interest in training and practice psychologist who receives the contribution of psychoanalysis articulated disciplines, like philosophy, literature and arts in general. Following Freud, the work poses an enigma. He questions the author’s intention, for what caused the artist’s work. For Lacan, the artist is ahead of the analyst, the work carries knowledge. We have taken the author to William Shakespeare and his works we have selected the following : Hamlet, The Merchant of Venice and Macbeth. Be investigated in the literature the artist’s relationship with its historical context, is considered the classic discourse order will be put to Mannerism as an enabler of compromise of subjectivity in relation to the new order of discourse that opens the Freudian theory.
The objectives guiding this research are :
• Investigate the process of artistic creation and the form taken by sublimation in the work of art.
• Investigating the relationship of literature the artist’s work and the emergence of a new language.
• Addressing the themes of father, grief, anguish, phallus, "a" object, the joints made by Freud and Lacan, analyzing fragments of Hamlet, The Merchant of Venice and Macbeth.
The assumptions underlying that crosses our work is that Freud inaugurated a new order of language to reveal the unconscious and that this order of discourse is present in the work of Shakespeare. The research methodology is based on Freud and Lacan’s texts in their relation with other contemporary authors.