The concept of homophobia has been relevant to the study of sexual minorities and has had a positive impact on theory development academic, as well as effects on the visibility of the homosexuality. Despite this, his reductionism to the exclusive field of homosexuality masculine and the overgeneralization of its use means the reproduction of power asymmetries that make other minority sub-groups invisible sex-generic. Among these other groups are lesbian, trans, queer, intersex, as well as intersectional factors, such as race, ethnicity, gender, class. This is why this article intends to carry out a critical analysis of the emergence of the concept of homophobia, its implications and contributions for the field of psychology and the social sciences in general.
Key words: homophobia | sexual minorities | sexual prejudice | power